An interesting India General Service Medal 1854 for North West Frontier to Ensign J.A.H. Moore-Brabazon, 23rd Native Infantry, who retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel and was the father of the early British Aviation Pioneer J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon.
India General Service Medal 1854, clasp Northwest Frontier (ENSGn J.A.H. MOORE-BRABAZON 23RD N.I)
Lieutenant -Colonel John Arthur Henry Moore Brabazon, 23rd Bengal Native Infantry. Born 13th June 1828, in Secunderabad, India. He was the son of Major John Arthur Moore and Sophia Stewart Yates. He married Emma Sophia Richards, daughter of Alfred Richards in February 1879. He died on 11th January 1908 aged 79. He was given the name of John Arthur Henry Moore at birth. He was educated at Addiscombe Military Academy, Surrey, England. He was accepted as a Cadet in the HEIC service in the 1845 season. In 1866 his name was legally changed to John Arthur Henry Moore-Brabazon. He gained the rank of Major in the service of the Bengal Staff Corps, and retired with the rank of Lt-Colonel. He held the office of High Sheriff of County Louth in 1872 and lived at Tara House, County Meath. Ireland.
Moore-Brabazon had four children, one of whom was John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara. He was an early English Aviation Pioneer and Conservative Politician. He was first Englishman to pilot a heavier than air machine under power in England, and he served as Minister of Transport and Minister of Aircraft Production during WW2. Moore-Brabazon was born in London. He was educated at Harrow School before reading engineering at Trinity College, Cambridge, but did not graduate. He spent university holidays working for Charles Rolls as an unpaid mechanic, and became an apprentice at Darracq in Paris after leaving Cambridge. In 1907 he won the Circuit Des Ardennes in a Minerva Pionner Aviator. He learned to fly in France in 1908 in a Voisin biplane. He became the first resident Englishman to make an officially recognised aeroplane flight in England on 2nd May 1909 at Shellbeach on the Isle of Sheppey with flight of 450ft, 600ft, and 1500ft. He was photographed two days later outside the Royal Aero Club clubhouse Mussel Manor, with such early pioneers as the Wright Brothers, Short Brothers, Charles Rolls and others. On 8th March 1910 he became the first person to qualify as a pilot in the UK, and was awarded Royal Aero Club Aviator’s Certificate Number 1.
During World War 1 J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon returned to flying, joining the Royal Flying Corps, he served on the Western Front where he played a key role in the development of aerial photography and reconnaissance. In March 1915 he was promoted to Captain and appointed as an Equipment Officer. On 1st April 1918 when the Royal Flying Corps joined with the Royal Naval Air Service to form the Royal Air Force. He finished the war as a Lieutenant Colonel being awarded the Military Cross, and appointed Commander of the Legion D’Honneur. He later became a Conservative MP (Chatham 1918-29) Wallasey (1931-42) and served as a Junior Minister in the 1920s. He was strongly opposed to war with Nazi Germany and in early 1939 when war was imminent, he made contact with Oswald Mosley in an attempt to co-ordinate activity against the war. Despite his early war agitation, he was appointed Minister of Transport in 1940 and joined the Privy Council, becoming Minister of Aircraft Production in May 1941. He was forced to resign in 1942 for expressing the hope that Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia would destroy each other in the Battle of Stalingrad. He was appointed to the House of Lords in 1943 as Baron Brabazon of Tara, of Sandwich in the County of Kent. He was involved in the plan to develop the post war British Aircraft Industry and was involved in the production of the Bristol Brabazon, a giant airliner first flown in 1949 and still the largest aircraft built entirely in Britain.
J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon was later Captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, part of the original Football Pools Panel, president of the Royal Aero Club, chairman of the Air Registration Baord, president of the Middlesex County Automobile Club from 1946, and Knight Grand Cross of the British Empire, he died in 1964.