Germany – Third Reich. A Vyzama encirclement Iron Cross 2nd Class and Defence of Voronezh Iron Cross 1st Class Document Group to Hauptmann Kurt Dollefeld, 3 (Wireless) Company, 40th Signals Battalion, Army High Command, later 4th (Wire laying) Company, 47th Corps Signals Battalion, VII Army Corps and finally Officer Commanding 1st Company, 555th Grenadier Regiment, 330th Infantry Division.
An interesting bravery document group which consists of 4 award certificates, 13 documents, 3 good photos of Dollefeld in the Hitler Youth, as an Unteroffizier and as a civilian after the war (August 1945) and 2 microfiche size negatives of Dollefeld’s discharge certificate from the German Army.
1)The War Merit Cross 2nd Class with Swords, awarded by Divisional HQ on 6.9.1941 as an Oberleutnant, 4/47th Corps Signals Battalion. Signed by Fahrmbacher as General of Artillery and General Officer Commanding VII Army Corps.
Fahrmbacker was awarded the Knights Cross on 24.6.1940 as Generalleutnant and General Officer Commanding 5th Infantry Division and the German Cross in Silver on 30.10.1943 as General of Artillery and General Officer Commanding XXV Army Corps
2)The Iron Cross 2nd Class, awarded by Corps HQ on 23.10.1941 as an Oberleutnant as General of Artillery and General Officer Commanding VII Army Corps. Signed by Fahrmbacker as General of Artillery and General Officer Commanding VII Army Corps.
3)The Ostmedaille, awarded on 25.8.1942 as a Hauptmann in 555th Grenadier Regiment. Signed for correctness by Geissler as Major and Battalion Commanding Officer
Geissler was awarded the German Cross in Gold.
4)The Iron Cross 1st Class, awarded by Divisional HQ on 23.2.1943 as Hauptmann, Officer Commanding 1/555th Grenadier Regiment. Signed by Graf von Rothkirch und Trach as Generalleutnant and General Officer Commanding 330th Infantry Division.
Graf von Rothkirch und Tach was awarded the German Cross in Gold on 5.11.1942 as Generalleutnant and General Officer Commanding 330th Infantry Division.
1)Worms, 24.4.1917 – Inoculation Certificate ‘Kurt Walter Dollefeld, born on 28th March 1916 was inoculated on 16th April 1917 for the first time with success’
2)Teutoberger Wald, 3-6.6.1933 – A Participants pass No 4042 issued to Kurt Dollerfeld whilst attending the 5th German Camp (Reichslager) of the Federal German Bible Circle. It is an interesting document broken down into 5 sections – diagram of the camp layout, signals, issued orders, traffic regulations and general instructions
3)Berlin, 21.11.1933 – A letter to Kurt Dollefeld from Gau Mark Brandenburg for the German Youth Hostel Association confirming that he attended the 5th Gau Walk Leaders Course (30th September to 6th October) at Havelberg and had successfully taken part.
4)Berlin, 8.10.1934 - The award certificate (No 298325) for the German Sports Badge in Bronze. There is very good photo of Kurt Dollefeld in Hitler Youth Uniform on page 2 of the document.
5)Emsland, 26.3.1936 - A large format German Labour Service (RAD) certificate about the honorary award of the Emsland cuff-title to ‘Arbeitsmann K. Dollefeld’ who was a former member of the Emsland Group I, Emsland Detachment 1/85 ‘Freidrich Wilhelm der Grosse Kurfurst’. This certificate gives Dollefeld the right to purchase the cuff-title but not necessarily the right to wear it except under special conditions stipulated at the bottom of the certificate.
6)Berlin, 9.8.1937 – The German Life Saving Association Basic Certificate issued to Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier Kurt Dollefeld. There is a good photo of Dollefeld as an Unteroffizier on page 3 of the certificate.
7)Berlin, 10.1.1938 – Kurt Dollefeld’s Commission as a Leutnant in the 24th Signals Battalion with the effect from the 1st January 1938 with the seniority number of 982. It has been signed by a Staff Officer on behalf of the German Minister of War.
8)Dresden, 18.9.1937 – A leaving certificate issued by the Dresden War School in respect of Fahnrich Kurt Dollefeld exam results at the end of the potential officers course. His overall assessment was ‘quite good’. The certificate was signed by the Oberst and Course Leader.
9)Two German Clothing Cards issued to Oberleutnant Kurt Dollefeld as follows:
i) The first (VII No 247738) (27 Signals Replacement Battalion in Augsburg (WK VII) valid until August 31st August
ii) The second (LWA Posen) No. 434735 (with the Armed Forces) valid until 31st December 1942
10)Belgard (Wehrkreis II), 7.11.1944 – A medical certificate issued by the unit doctor of 374th Grenadier Replacement Battalion in respect of his medical examination of Kurt Dollefeld’s fitness for duty. His handwritten notes are ‘K17 Kommission – a.v. (n.w.) Bis 1.2.45 idfg (arbeitsverwendung-fahig (?) bis 1.12.45 innen dienstfahig – fit for non-combat duties until 1.2.45, fit for indoor work.
11)Two microfiche sized negatives of Kurt Dollefeld’s German Army Discharge Certificates. These have been developed and the information reveals that he was born on 28.3.1916 in Hamburg, was married with two children and lived in Altenhagen/Kreis Springe near Hannover. He was formally discharged from the German Army on 3.1.1946 suffering from damage to the heart muscles and unfit for duty.
12)A small post war Military Government of Germany Exemption Certificate No.054122 dated 1.6.1945 which expired on 10.6.1945. the certificate stated that Kurt Dollefeld was permitted to travel from Altenhagen II (his home town) near Hannover to manage the stud of Altenhagen II
13)Springe, 22.8.1945 – Kurt Dollefeld’s driving license which was issued to him on the basis of his previously held Armed Forces driving license. There is good post-war photo of him on page 3 which shows him now wearing spectacles.
Kurt Dollefeld was born on 28th March 1916 in Hamburg, he was a writer who was married with two children and lived at Altenhagen near Hannover. Dollefeld trained as a Signalman in 3rd Signals Battalion, and was commissioned on 1st January 1938 into 24th Signals Battalion (24th Infantry Division).
Transferring to 40th Signals Battalion on 10th November 1938 when this Army High Command Signals Battalion was formed, he would then have been moved to 47th Corps Signals Battalion (VII Army Corps), where he would have seen service during the Polish and French Campaigns of 1939 and 1940.
During 1941 the unit served on the Central Eastern Front, seeing action at Bialystok and Smolensk, he was awarded the War Merit Cross 2nd Class with Swords as an Oberleutnant on 6th September 1941 and then the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 23rd October 1941 for an action most likely associated with the Vyazma encirlement.
At some point after this and before August 1942, Dollefeld was transferred to 1/555th Grenadier Regiment, it was whilst serving with this Regiment that he was awarded the Ostmedaille, that he received for his service during the Winter of 1941/42.
The award of the Iron Cross 1st Class as an Infantry Company Commander, would have come for fighting in the area of Voronezh on the Don in February 1943, which was an extension of the earlier fighting around Stalingrad, at a time the Russians tried to cut off Army Group South and it’s escape from the Caucasus.
After this, Dollefeld was taken ill and is next seen in November 1944 as part of 374th Grenadier Replacement Battalion. He was certified limited to non-combat duties on 1st February 1945, and was later discharged due to damaged heart muscles