Germany – Third Reich: An interesting and wide-ranging Demyansk Iron Cross 2nd Class, Battle of Kovel Iron Cross 1st Class set of Award Certificates, Documents, Diaries and Photographs to Leutnant Albert Kubitz, 10th Company, 68th Infantry Regiment, 23rd Infantry Division; 2nd Company, 418th Infantry Regiment, 123rd Infantry Division; 2nd Company, 188th Reserve Grenadier Battalion, 143rd Reserve Division; 1st Company, 169th Grenadier Regiment, 68th Infantry Division; 257th Field Replacement Battalion, 257th Volks-Grenadier Division and finally 5th Company, 1307th Field Replacement Battalion, 151st (Field Training) Division, who served extensively on the Eastern Front, being twice wounded, before ending the war in the west being taken Prisoner by the American Army.
A fascinating document group consisting of 4 award certificates, 14 documents, 3 pocket diaries and 3 photos which belonged to a former WW2 German Infantry Officer.
- The Infantry Assault Badge in Silver awarded in the field on 1st October 1941 as an Unteroffizier, 2/418th Infantry Regiment. Signed by Becker as Oberst and Commanding Officer.
Becker was awarded the German Cross in Gold on 14.6.1942 as Commanding Officer 418th Infantry Regiment.
- The Iron Cross 2nd Class awarded in the field on 29th October 1941 as an Unteroffizier, 2/418th Infantry Regiment. Signed by Rauch as Generalmajor and General Officer Commanding 123rd Infantry Division.
Rauch was awarded the Knights Cross on 22.12.1941 as Generalmajor and General Officer Commanding 123rd Infantry Division and the German Cross in Gold on 12.2.1944 as Generalleutnant and General Officer Commanding 123rd Infantry Division.
- The Black Wound Badge awarded at the Reserve Hospital Uelsen on 12th November 1941, for a wound received on 20th October 1941 as an Unteroffizier, 2/418th Infantry Regiment. Signed by Stansarzt and Chief Doctor of the Reserve Hospital Uelsen.
- The Iron Cross 1st Class awarded in the field on 9th October 1944 as a Leutnant, 1/169th Grenadier Regiment. Signed by Scheuerpflug as Generalmajor and General Officer Commanding 68th Infantry Division.
Scheuerpflug was awarded the Knights Cross on 6.9.1942 as Oberst and Commanding Officer 116th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division and the 791st Oakleaves on 16.3.1945 as Generalleutnant and General Officer Commanding 68th Infantry Division. He died on 8.8.1945 in Soviet Captivity in Auschwitz.
- Three 1939 booklets containing the shooting record of Kubitz whilst at the Army Unteroffizier School Potsdam for the following Infantry weapons: pistol, rifle and light machine-gun (period January to July 1939)
- Potsdam-Eiche, 5th March 1940 – Certificate confirming the award of the Marksman’s Decoration for the Rifle 2nd Class for the year 1938-39 to Fusilier Kubitz with the 4th Company in the Army (Heeres) Unteroffizier School Potsdam
- Barracks, 7th March 1940 – A typed copy of Kubitz’s certificate of commitment for 12 years-service in the German Army from 1st October 1938 to 30th September 1950.
- A wounded card dated 0900 hours on 20.10.1941 with a single red strip – the other had been removed. This indicated that Kubitz was fit for movement to the rear by transport. The pencil writing is now faint but you can read his name, rank, unit and type of wound – left wrist damaged by a mine explosion.
- Billets, 31.12.1942 – A 2/188 Reserve Grenadier Battalion Work Plan for Saturday 2.1.1943 from Reveille at 0445hrs to 0715hrs start of a Battalion exercise and action on its return – cleaning of weapons etc.
- An original handwritten relief order issued by the CO (Hauptmann Vogt) I Battalion, 169th Grenadier Regiment dated 11.5.1944. This is a four page ‘Battalion Order for the relief of II/19 (Royal Hungarian) Regiment issued to Kubitz as Officer Commanding No.1 Company.
- HQ, 5.6.1944 – 1/169th Grenadier Regiment -. A confirmatory note that Leutnant Albert Kubitz was deployed as Infantry forward of RHQ – the note is signed by Vogt as Hauptmann and Battalion Commander.
- A contemporary WW2 typed list for inclusion in his Wehrpass with details of where his unit (418th Infantry Regiment) was deployed in North Russia (22.6-25.11.1941).
- A four A4 size page war diary – handwritten post war and undated. This is a detailed two page record of the 1939 Poland Campaign with a further two page summary of the 1940 France Campaign. The last entry states that he sustained a slight wound to his knee, was treated at the main dressing station and did not return to his unit for 3 days.
- A map diagram of the way of III Battalion, 68th Infantry Regiment during the 1940 Campaign against France.
- A ten A4 size page war diary – handwritten post war and undated. A fascinating, full and very descriptive record of Kubitz’s active service on the East Front (North Russia) from 22nd June to 20th October 1941 when he was wounded and had to be evacuated to the rear. Each day has comments – some long and some short.
- Four handwritten pages (undated) taken from a note book; two pages covering the period in Poland 1939, France 1940, Russia 1941, Ukraine 1943 and Russia 1944; a page with details about his wounds and another page listing his promotions.
- A four page typed record of Kubitz’s military service – signed by Kubitz himself and dated 28.2.1956. The details are: service in the German Labour Service; Army units with dates and employments; ranks with dates of promotions; decorations with dates; where he was as an American Prisoner of War; 1955 post war sports decoration and a record of participation in shooting competitions.
- An official typed Defence Ministry certificate dated 27th April 1957 giving details of his ID Disc Number, war time units served in and two promotions.
There are three diaries as follows;
- A black cover note book which was initiated by Kubitz when he was at the Army Unteroffizier School in Potsdam. It contains brief entries just prior to the 1939 campaign in Poland and then notes about the actual campaign.
- 1941 – this is an official pocket diary for this year and contains Kubitz’s detailed notes about the campaign in Russia from 22nd June until he was wounded on 20th October 1941.
- 1944 – this is an official pocket diary for this year. It has a number of random entries and ends with his wounding on 20th October 1944 near Nadolany. It also contains a number of addresses at the end of the diary.
- A good ID photo of Kubitz in uniform as an Unteroffizier stapled on the inside cover of his Soldbuch.
- A photo of Kubitz in uniform as a Leutnant sitting on a staircase on the outside of a house.
- A group photo of the personnel who attended the 14th Fahnenjunker Course (Infantry) at School VII at Milowitz near Prague. There are 22 signatures on the reverse of the photo. Kubitz is located in the front row of the photo by a cross in ink.
Alfred Kubitz was born on 25th March 1921 in Stelle, Hamburg. He spent his time in the German Labour Service during 1938 on the West Wall before enlisting in the German Army on 8.11.1938 in the Army Unteroffizier School Potsdam-Eiche in Berlin. Upon completion of his training he saw active service firstly in Poland, then latterly in France during the Campaign there in 1940.
After the campaign in France Kubitz was transferred to form I/418th Infantry Regiment and then took part in the invasion of Russia, his unit as part of 123rd Infantry Division was part of Army Group North that pushed towards Lake Ilmen and Leningrad. Kubitz’s unit was involved in the heavy fighting in the Demyansk area. It was for his role in the fighting in and around Demyansk from August 1941 onwards that Kubitz won a series of awards, firstly the Infantry Assault Badge in Silver on 1st October 1941, then the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 29th October 1941, this being awarded after a wound he had received on 20th October 1941 that resulted in him being awarded the Black Wound Badge on 12th November 1941 in a Reserve Hospital in Uelsen.
After recovery Kubtiz was posted to 188th Reserve Grenadier Battalion in the Kobryn area near Brest-Litovsk and saw action against Partisans, which were particularly active from the winter of 1942 afterwards, made up of locals, stay behind Red Army soldiers from the retreat of 1941 and parachuted specialists sent in by airplane to bolster the local units.
After a period of time in this unit, Kubitz was sent to an Officer Training Course in Milowitz near Prague and was commissioned from there as an active Leutnant on 1st March 1944. He was then posted to 169th Grenadier Regiment in the Ukraine on 15th March 1944 where the unit served as part of 68th Infantry Division, Army Group North Ukraine, which fought defensive battles from Kowel, westwards via Lemberg ended up in the Beskidian mountains on the Slovakian border region. It was during the fighting here in early August that Kubitz was first awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class on 9th August 1944 and then wounded for a second time on 13th August 1944.
Returning to the west for recuperation, Kubitz’s last unit was the 1307th Field Training Regiment, 151st Field Training Division, during March and April 1945 that was active in the Central Rhine region of the Western Front, before being taken prisoner by the Americans.