Russia – Soviet: A Jassy-Kishinev Offensive Order of the Patriotic War 2nd Class, numbered 267022 to Colonel Filipp Gavrilovich Parkhomenko, Chief of Staff of the 31st Red Banner Orders of Suvarov and Bogdan Khmelnitsky Rifle Division and formerly of the 31st Stalingrad Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 2nd Class Rifle Division. Three times awarded the Order of the Red Banner, and Defender of Moscow and the Caucasus, he also served in Poland in 1939 being wounded, and was later wounded twice more during the Great Patriotic War.
Order of the Patriotic War 2nd Class, type 2, concave reverse, numbered 267022.
Condition: Good very fine
Colonel Filipp Gavrilovich Parkhomenko was born in 1904 in Andreyevka Raion, Zaporozhe Oblast in the Ukraine, joining the Red Army in 1927, Parkhomenko became a Member of the Communist Party in 1932, his card number being 1034508. His papers confirm him being wounded in September 1939, which would have been during the Soviet Invasion of Eastern Poland as part of their agreement to carve up the country with Germany.
In June 1941 at the time of the German invasion Parkhomenko according to his papers, was serving with the Kalinin Front, he was wounded whilst serving with this Front in August 1941 but would have later gone on to see service during the Defence of Moscow, during 1942 this Front saw service around the area of Rzhev. Seeing service with the Trans-Caucasus Front from October 1942 involved in fighting during the Caucasus campaign during the winter of 1942-43, before transferring to the Steppe Military District from April 1943 where he served as part of the Red Army’s strategic reserve, he then transferred to the Southwestern Front in July 1943, it was whilst with the Southwestern Front that he was wounded during August 1943 most probably whilst crossing the Mius River as part of the Donbass Strategic Offensive which began in August 1943 and then in November 1943 was awarded his first Order of the Red Banner (no.97803) by Order of the 46th Army. Transferring to the 2nd Ukrainian Front from December 1943, he was awarded an Order of the Patriotic War 1st Class, (no.57798) by Order of 52nd Army on 23rd May 1944, an Order of the Red Star (no.910505) on 3rd November 1944, this award of the Order of the Patriotic War 2nd Class on 20th November.
The recommendation for this award of the Order of the Great Patriotic War 2nd Class was originally for an award of the Order of the Red Banner (it was subsequently downgraded) and is as follows:
‘Serving as the divisional chief of staff, Lieutenant Colonel Parkhamenko efficiently arranged the duties of the staff under combat conditions.
During the period of offensive combat operations conducted by the division, which started on 19th August 1944, Lieutenant Colonel Parkhamenko organised the duties of the staff in such a way that divisional headquarters was able to exercise continuous command of its troops in battle. All combat missions assigned to the division were accomplished to the letter and in a timely manner. When the division was advancing and pursuing the enemy, wire communications fell behind, but Lieutenant Colonel Parkhomenko managed to ensure uninterrupted command and control by arranging wireless communications.
On August 25, 1944 an enemy force consisting of 2 infantry battalions and a cavalry squadron, supported by artillery, attempted to drive our units out of the village of Buzhor and break through to the Prut River, thus breaking out of its encirclement. Lieutenant Colonel Parkhomenko then quickly took the proper decisions, as a result of which the entire enemy pocket was destroyed, the remnants were taken prisoner.
Throughout the offensive combat operations Lieutenant-Colonel organised the duties of the staff efficiently. He promptly informed the superior staffs, because of which the division was able to completely destroy an encircled enemy force within a relatively short time, inflicting heavy losses in troops and material upon the enemy.
For providing practical assistance in combat, during which he displayed industriousness and the ability to command troops in battle, I apply for him to be awarded the Order of the Red Banner.’
Signed by the Commander of the 78th Rifle Corps, Major General Latyshev on 4th September 1944, this was downgraded to an Order of the Patriotic War 2nd Class by Army Commander Guards Lieutenant General Galanin on 30th September 1944, and confirmed as such by a Lieutenant Colonel of the Administrative Section on 20th November 1944.
He was subsequently awarded a second award of the Order of the Red Banner (no.202013) by Order of the 1st Ukrainian Front on 11th April 1945, his third and final award of the Order of the Red Banner (third award no.1153) was awarded on 24th June 1948. In addition to these Orders Parkhomenko was also awarded the Medal for the Defence of Moscow, the Medal for the Defence of the Caucasus and the Medal for Victory over Germany.